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About Spain

Year of EU entry: 1986

Capital city: Madrid

Total area: 504 782 km²

Population: 45.8 million

Currency: Member of the eurozone since 1999 (€)

Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 1991

Official Name:

Reino de España

Short form: España

Int’l long form: Kingdom of Spain

Int’l short form: Spain

ISO Country Code: ES


Time Zone: Central European Time (CET)

Local Time = UTC +1h

Actual Time: Wed-Dec-4 05:41

National day: 12th October,

Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +2)

Country Calling Code: +34

Capital City: Madrid (pop. 5.5 million)

Other Cities:

Barcelona (4.9 million), Bilbao (353 950), Malagá (1.3 million), Sevilla (1.8 million), Valencià (2.3 million), Zaragoza (871 000)

Spain has 61 airports and unpaved runways.

Spain is economically so strong. Spain’s economy is the seventh largest in the world.

Here the travel is easy, climate is pleasant, beaches are long and sandy, and the people are relaxed.


Type: Constitutional Monarchy (Juan Carlos I. proclaimed King 22 November 1975).


Location: Peninsula in southwestern Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay, the Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean, and Pyrenees Mountains, southwest of France.

Area: 506.000 km² (194,884 sq. mi.), including the Balearic and Canary Islands

Terrain: High plateaus, lowland areas such as narrow coastal plains, and mountainous regions.

Climate: Temperate; clear, hot summers in interior, more moderate and cloudy along coast; cloudy, cold winters in interior, partly cloudy and cool along coast.

Nationality: Noun--Spaniard(s). Adjective--Spanish

Population: 46.2 million (2012)

Ethnic groups: Distinct ethnic groups within Spain include the Basques, Catalans, and Galician’s.

Religion: Predominantly Roman Catholic.

Languages: Spanish (official) 74%, Catalan-Valenciana 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2%.

Literacy: 98% (EST.)

Natural resources: Coal, lignite, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, uranium, tungsten, mercury, pyrites, magnesite, fluorspar, gypsum, sepiolite, kaolin, potash, hydropower, arable land.

Agriculture products: Grain, vegetables, olives, wine grapes, sugar beets, citrus; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; fish.

Spain is good in trading and industries like tourism, machine tools, automobiles, shipbuilding, chemicals, manufactures, metals, food and beverages, and textiles and apparel.

Industries: Textiles and apparel (including footwear), food and beverages, metals and metal manufactures, chemicals, shipbuilding, automobiles, machine tools, tourism.

Currency: Euro (EUR)

Spain is also the fourth most popular tourist destination in the world, welcoming an annual volume of tourists which considerably exceeds its population.

Nature, theatre, tourist spots, nightlife, festivals, museums and monuments, festivals, encompass the cities of Spain. The royal monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, the Great Mosque of Cordoba, and Alhambra in Granada are only a few examples of the inspiring history.

Spain is world’s one of the most widely speaking languages.

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